Reading: CHP 1 Origins: 1.1-1.3, 1.5 (this reading only will be from the 4th ed of the text)
PreAssignment: NA

Learning Outcomes: Know and discuss the following concepts

  • basic knowledge of the diversity of inorganic compounds
  • atomic symbol nomenclature - mass number (N) , atomic number (Z), atomic symbol (E)
  • theory formation of the elements and cosmic abundance
  • write and interpret equations for basic nuclear reactions

 

Group Activity - Introduction to Inorganic Elements

Problem Set: NA

Reading: CHP 2 Atomic Structure: 2.1-2.2.2
Lecture Movie (read, then movie)
PreQuiz on Atomic Structure Reading

Learning Outcomes:

  • Discuss the key contributions of Bohr, de Broglie, Heisenberg, and Schrödinger in the development of modern atomic theory
  • Discuss the basic information obtained from the solving the Schrödinger equation
  • Use graphs of radial probability functions to discuss periodic properties
  • Draw rough sketches of angular probability(ie atomic orbitals)
  • Determine the set of quantum numbers and the number of nodes for a given orbital

Group Activity - Atomic Structure     Problem 5A (quicktime)     Probe 5A (flash)


Problem Set (4th Ed): 2.1a, 2.3, 2.6, 2.7, 2.10, 2.13, 2.15 (solutions)
Problem Set (5th Ed): 2.1a, 2.3, 2.8, 2.9, 2.12, 2.15, 2.17 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 2 Periodic Properties of Atoms: 2.2.3-2.3.3
Lecture Movie

PreAssignment: PreQuiz

Learning Outcomes:

  • Know general periodic trends
  • Identify and discuss some exceptions to the general periodic trends and electron configurations for atoms and ions
  • Be able to use Slater's rules as a tool to predict ground state electron configurations
  • Be able to use radial probability functions as an aid in discussing Slater's rules and periodic trends

 

Group Activity - Periodic Properties


Problem Set (4th Ed): 2.19, 2.23ac, 2.24, 2.25, 2.27, 2.32, 2.33, 2.39 (solutions)
Problem Set (5th Ed):: 2.22, 2.27ac, 2.28, 2.29, 2.31, 2.38, 2.39, 2.45 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 3 Simple Bonding Theory: All

Lecture Movies:

DO THIS PLEASE! PreAssignment: Do problems 3.5 and 3.9(a,g) and bring to class (6 pts)

QUIZ -  Chapter 2 problems only.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Predict molecular structure and shape using Lewis structures and VSEPR
  • Use resonance, expanded shells, and formal charge to predict the most likely structure for a molecule.
  • Use lone-pair repulsion, multiple bonds, atomic size, and electronegativity to predict trends in bond angles and shapes of molecules.

Group Activity - Simple Bonding POGIL worksheet  (key to graded problems)


Problem Set (4th Ed): 3.2, 3.3, 3.5, 3.8, 3.9 (recommended), 3.11, 3.12, 3.14, 3.18, 3.21, 3.22a, 3.25, 3.33, 3.34, 3.36 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 3.2, 3.3, 3.5, 3.8, 3.9 (recommended), 3.11, 3.12, 3.14, 3.18, 3.23, 3.24a, 3.28, 3.40, 3.41, 3.43 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 4 Symmetry Elements and Operations: 4.1

PreAssignment: The POGIL worksheet for todays class asks you to build several molecules using a molecular model kit. Build the structures required for the POGIL worksheet and bring them with you to class.

Learning Outcomes:

  • Distinguish between a symmetry element and operation.
  • Know the names and symbols for the different symmetry operations. Identity (E), rotation (Cn), reflection (σ), inversion (i), rotation-reflection (Sn).
  • Identify the symmetry elements possessed by a molecule.

Group Activity - Symmetry POGIL worksheet


Problem Set (4th Ed): Exercises 4.1 and 4.2 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): Exercises 4.1 and 4.2 (solutions)

- - more practice and a guided turorial

Reading: CHP 4 Symmetry - Point Groups: 4.2

PreAssignment: In Class PreQuiz (cancelled)

Learning Outcomes:

  • Distinguish between a symmetry element and operation.
  • Know the names and symbols for the different symmetry operations. Identity (E), rotation (Cn), reflection (σ), inversion (i), rotation-reflection (Sn).
  • Identify the symmetry elements possessed by a molecule.

Group Activity - Point Groups POGIL worksheet                    Quiz 3 on Point Groups Key


Problem Set (4th Ed): Exercises 4.1(a,b), 4.2(a,b), 4.3(b,c), 4.4, 4.5(b,c,d,e,f,h,i*), 4.6(b,c,e), 4.13
* challenging (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 4.1(a,b), 4.2(a,b), 4.3(b,c), 4.4, 4.5(b,c,d,e,f,h,i*), 4.6(b,c,e), 4.13
* challenging (solutions)

- - more practice and a guided tutorial

Reading: CHP 4 Symmetry - Properties and Representations of Groups: 4.3

PreAssignment:

  1. PowerPoint - Matrices (review)
  2. Groups
  3. PowerPoint - Character Tables


PreQuiz in class

Learning Outcomes:

  • Be able to demonstrate an understanding of the form, features, and function of character tables.
  • Be able to demonstrate a basic understanding of the development of character tables
    • Demonstrate that the operations within a point group fit the criteria for a mathematical group
    • Understand how to represent a symmetry operation as a matrix

Group Activity - Character Tables POGIL worksheet


Problem Set (4th Ed): 4.17, 4.19 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 4.19, 4.21 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 4 Symmetry - Examples and Applications: 4.4

PreAssignment: Watch slideshows below

Learning Outcomes:

  • Determine the symmetry properties for the motions of small molecules
    • Quickly produce a reducible representation containing information about the motions of a molecule
    • Use character tables to find reducible representations and assign symmetry labels to molecular motions
    • Use character tables to determine the active vibrational and rotational modes
  • Determine the active vibration stretches for metal-carbonyl complexes

Group Activity - Vibrations and Symmetry POGIL worksheet


Exercises:  4.7, 4.12, 4.13
Problem Set (4th Ed): 4.19, 4.21, 4.20, 4.22, Exam I| 4.24 (this is a pretty long problem), 4.26, 4.27, 4.29 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 4.21, 4.23, 4.22, 4.24, Exam I| 4.26 (this is a pretty long problem), 4.28, 4.29, 4.31 (solutions)

 

Covers Chapters 2-4 ending with problem 4.24

Key for Exam I

In your study Focus on problems and worksheets first.
If you need extra problems for a certain topic let me know.

There will be at least one question that asks you to analyze data or a figure from chapter 2 (Radial plots, inoization trends, fig 2.12 for examples)
There will be one problem from chapter 3 that asks you to write a Lewis structure and VSEPR shape and discuss trends in molecular properties.
There will be at least one assignment of an object into a point group.
There will be one creation of a reducible and also reducing it to irreducble reps.
There will be some questions abou character tables.

FYI> In about two weeks we will have an short exam on using symmtery to analyze virbrational structure and MOS.

Reading: CHP 5 Molecular Orbitals - Examples and Applications: 5.1 - 5.2.1

PreAssignment:

Learning Outcomes:

  • know conditions required to form MOs
  • be able to approximate the formation of molecular orbitals from atomic orbitals (LCAO) for simple homonuclear diatomics
    • MOs from s-orbitals
    • MOs from p-orbitals
  • understand some advantages (and disadvantages in using MOs over simple Lewis structures)
  • be able to produce the MO diagrams for diagrams
  • use the diagram to calculate bond order and multiplicity
  • identify the LUMO and HOMO in the diagram
  • use the diagrams to rationalize the relative stability of diatomics

 

Group Activity - Homonuclear MOs - dioxygen - POGIL worksheet


Problem Set (4th Ed): 5.2(a,b), 5.4 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 5.2(a,b), 5.4 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 5 Molecular Orbitals - Homonuclear diatomics: 5.2

PreAssignment:

  • PreQuiz on reading
    1. Please bring to class drawings of the all the MOs orbitals that can be formed from interactions between
      • 2 p orbitals
      • Label your orbitals as bonding and anti-bonding
    2. Draw one example of an orbital that can be formed by an interaction between two d-orbitals
    3. Draw Lewis structures of O2+, O2, and O2-

  • Video: Drawing an MO Diagram for Homonuclear Diatomics O2 and F2

Learning Outcomes:

This section continues on the discussion of MOs for homonuclear molecules. It expands the discussion by introducing mixing of orbitals thus allowing for representation of more diatomics.

  • be able to produce MO diagrams for homonuclear diatomics, particularly second row elements
  • use MO diagrams to calculate bond order and multiplicity
  • identify the LUMO and HOMO in the diagram
  • use the diagrams to rationalize the relative stability of diatomics

Group Activity - We will discussing figures 5.5 - 5.8 in detail. Be prepared to discuss the figures in groups.


Problem Set (4th Ed): 5.2, 5.4, 5.3(a,b), 5.5, 5.6 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 5.2, 5.4, 5.3(a,b), 5.5, 5.6 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 5 Molecular Orbitals - hetronuclear diatomics: 5.3

PreAssignment:

  • Read Section 5.3

Learning Outcomes:

  • be able to approximate the formation of molecular orbitals from atomic orbitals (LCAO) for simple heteronuclear diatomics
  • understand some advantages (and disadvantages in using MOs over simple Lewis structures)
  • be able to produce qualitative MO diagrams
  • use the diagram to calculate bond order and multiplicity
  • identify the LUMO and HOMO in the diagram
  • use diagram to account for bond polarity
  • use the diagrams to rationalize the relative stability of diatomics

Group Activity - Heteronuclear MOs - NO - POGIL worksheet


Problem Set (4th Ed): 5.3(c), 5.5, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9 (this edition uses OF-), 5.12 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 5.3 (c), 5.5, 5.7, 5.8, 5.9 (this edition uses NF), 5.13 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 5 Molecular Orbitals for Larger Molecules: Sect 5.4.1-5.4.3

PreAssignment:

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Define group orbitals for triatomic molecules
  2. Define group orbitals for very simple triatomic molecules by inspection
  3. Use group orbitals to assist in producing a qualitative MO diagram

Group Activity - Group Orbitals for Simple Triatomics - BeH2 - POGIL worksheet

Worked Example: Carbon Dioxide


Problem Set (4th Ed): 5.13, 5.14, 5.15 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 5.14, 5.15, 5.16 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 5 Molecular Orbitals for Larger Molecules: Sect 5.4.4-5.4.5

PreAssignment:

Learning Outcomes:

  1. understand the advantages (and disadvantages in using MOs over simple Lewis structures) particularly for larger molecules
  2. be able to produce a reducible representation for a set of atomic orbitals on the terminal atoms in a molecule such as BF3
  3. be able to use the MO diagram to explain some chemical and physical properties large molecules
    • estimate bond order for the B-F bond
    • identify the LUMO and HOMO in the diagram
    • explain Lewis acid-base acid-base properties of the molecule

Worked Example: Carbon Dioxide

Group Activity - MOs for Larger Molecules - BF3 - POGIL worksheet


Problem Set (4th Ed): 5.18, 5.20, 5.21, 5.22, 5.23, 5.30 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 5.19, 5.21, 5.22, 5.23, 5.24, 5.31 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 6 Acid Base Theories: Sect 6.1, 6.2, 6.3 (intro), 6.4.0-6.4.2, 6.6

PreAssignment:

Learning Outcomes:

  1. know the 4 common definitions of acids and bases be able describe a substance as an acid or base according to one or more of the common definitions
  2. be able to identify conjugate acids and bases (BrØnsted-Lowry)
  3. describe the interactions of metals and ligands: donors and acceptors
  4. know the definition of frontier orbitals predict the likelihood of a Lewis acid base interaction from a MO approach
  5. use HSAB theory to predict the strength of interactions between Lewis acids (metals) and Lewis bases (ligands)

Group Activity - Acid base theories - POGIL worksheet


Problem Set (4th Ed): 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.8, ne,  ne,  ne,   6.13, 6.14, 6.18, 6.25, 6.26 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 6.1, 6.2, 6.3, 6.4, 6.5, 6.7, 6.9, 6.11, 6.20, 6.21, 6.25, 6.32, 6.34 (solutions)
(Note: 6.1 and 6.2 have new examples in the 5th ed,  ne = no equivalent problem)

 

Reading: CHP 6 Acid Base Strength: Sect 6.3 (all), 6.4 (all)

PreAssignment:

  • Read section 6.4 carefully

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Know definition of proton affinity as a measure of acid-base strength
  2. Know trend in acid-base strength of binary hydrogen compounds
  3. Use inductive effects, oxyanion strength, cation acidity, and steric effects to predict trends in acid-base strength between acids or bases of similar structure
  4. Understand the effect of solvation of the strength of an acid or base

Group Activity - Acid base Strength - POGIL worksheet


Problem Set (4th Ed): 6.27, 6.29, 6.30, 6.31, 6.32, 6.33 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th Ed): 6.34, 6.36, 6.37, 6.38, 6.39, 6.40 (solutions)

Paper 1: Page and Badarau, The Mechanisms of Catalysis by Metallo β-Lactamases, Bioinorganic Chemistry and Applications, 2008

Paper 2: Zastrow and Pecoraro, Designing Hydrolytic Zinc Metalloenzymes, 2014Designing Hydrolytic Zinc Metalloenzymes, 2014

Reading: CHP 7 Solid Structures: Sect 7.1

PreAssignment:

Learning Outcomes:

  1. How to use unit cells to describe solids
  2. Understand close-packed and non close-packed structures
  3. Describe the structures of metals (periodic table of crystal structures)
  4. Describe the structures of simple ionic compounds
  5. Radius ratio

 

Group Activity - 14Solids-basic_2012.pdf


Problem Set (4th ed): 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4a, 7.4b, 7.5, 7.7, 7.9, 7.12, 7.13 (solutions), Radius of Cu in an FCC lattice.

Problem Set (5th ed): 7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.4a, 7.4b, 7.5, 7.7, 7.9, 7.12, 7.13 (solutions), Radius of Cu in an FCC lattice.

 

Reading: CHP 7 Solid Structures: Sect 7.2, 7.3

Additional Reading: Shriver: The electronic structure of solids

Slideshow from Class Lecture

Other Helpful Links

PreAssignment:

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Review Born-Haber Cycle and use it to calculate lattice energies (2 examples: NaCl, CaCl2)
  2. Define Madelung Constant
  3. Describe band structure as a extension of MO theory
  4. Describe the difference in bands for metals, nonmetals, semimetals, and doped materials

Group Activity - 14Solids-bonding_2012.pdf


Problem Set (4th ed): 7.18, 7.19, 7.21, 7.25 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th ed): 7.18, 7.19, 7.21, 7.25 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 9 Coordination I: Sect 9.1, 9.2, 9.4 (9.3 is for the next assignment)

PreAssignment:

  • Complete problems 1-3 of the Group Activity and Bring to class

Learning Outcomes:

  1. be able to define a coordinate covalent bond
  2. be able to define a ligand as monodentate or chelating
  3. be able to describe the coordination environment (types of ligands and geometry), oxidation state of a coordination compound
  4. be able to match a coordination compound to its name
  5. be able to describe the types of isomers possible for a given compound
  6. identify stereochemistry of chelate rings (ppt movie)

Group Activity - 15CoordI_2012.pdf
- Solutions


Problem Set: 9.1-9.9  (solutions)

Reading: CHP 9 Coordination I, Isomers: Sect 9.3

PreAssignment:

  • PreQuiz

Learning Outcomes:

  1. be able to define a coordinate covalent bond
  2. be able to define a ligand as monodentate or chelating
  3. be able to describe the coordination environment (types of ligands and geometry), oxidation state of a coordination compound
  4. be able to match a coordination compound to its name
  5. be able to describe the types of isomers possible for a given compound
  6. chelate isomers ppt slides

Group Activity - 15CoordI_2012.pdf


Problem Set (4th ed): 9.10, 9.11, 9.12, 9.13, 9.17a, d  (solutions)

Problem Set (5th ed): 9.10, 9.11, 9.12, 9.15, 9.20, 9.21  (solutions)

Reading: CHP 10 Coordination II
Required Supplemental Reading
Sections from Tarr that are similar to supplemental reading 10.3.2, 10.3.3, 10.4.4, 10.5

Interactive CFT for Oh, Td, SqPlanar

PreAssignment:

  • No Preassignment

Learning Outcomes:

  1. use crystal field theory to describe the relative d-orbital energies, spin state, and magnetism of transition metal complexes
    1. Oh, Td, SQ Planar, Tetragonal, SQ Pyramid, TBP 
  2. understand the difference between strong and weak-field ligands
  3. calculate LFSE for Oh and Td complexes
  4. predict the geometries of metal complexes based on LFSE

Group Activity - 15CoordII_CFT_2012.pdf


Exercises: From supplemental reading (20.1, 20.1, 20.3, 20.4, 20.5, 20.8, 20.9)

Reading: CHP 10 Coordination II, LFT: Sect 10.3

Lecture Videos:

  1. LFT: Creating an Oh MO diagram for a metal complex
  2. LFSE: Ligand Field Stabilization Energy
  3. pi-bonding in complexes

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Be able to produce a MO diagram for an octahedral and tetrahedral structure with sigma donor ligands
  2. Explain the advantages of the LFT compared to CFT
  3. Show the affect of pi-donors and acceptors on energies of the d-orbitals
  4. The following applications of CFT theory can also be understood using LFT
  • use crystal field theory to describe the relative d-orbital energies, spin state, and magnetism of transition metal complexes
    1. Oh, Td, SQ Planar, Tetragonal, SQ Pyramid, TBP 
  • understand the difference between strong and weak-field ligands
  • calculate LFSE for Oh and Td complexes
  • predict the geometries of metal complexes based on LFSE

Group Activity - 15CoordIII_LFT_2012.pdf


Problem Set (4th ed): 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 10.10, 10.11, 10.18, 10.20, 10.21, 10.22, 10.23, 10.25, 10.26a, 10.27 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th ed): 10.1, 10.2, 10.3, 10.4, 10.5, 10.6, 10.8, 10.10, 10.11, 10.18, 10.20, 10.21, 10.22, 10.23, 10.25, 10.26a, 10.28 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 10 Coordination II, Angular Overlap: Sect 10.4

PreAssignment:

Additional Materials:
Angular Overlap Movie

Interactive Angular Overlap

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Use angular overlap model to determine the energies of orbitals in coordination complexes

Group Activity - Worked problems guided by intstructor


Problem Set (4th ed): 10.12, 10.13, 10.14 (solutions)

Problem Set (5th ed): 10.12, 10.13, 10.14 (solutions)

Reading: CHP 12 Coordination Chemistry, Oh Reaction Mechanisms: Sect 12.1 - 12.4
Additional Reading (we will look at three figures in class): Journal of Inorganic Biochemistry Volume 77, Issues 1–2, 1 October 1999, Pages 23-29

PreAssignment: Introduction and Review Movie

Materials:
12_Oh_CoordRxns.ppt (updated 2014, presented online)

Learning Outcomes:

  1. Be able to interpret Reaction Energy Profiles, using appropriate terminology, describing various types of reaction mechanisms for Oh complexes
  2. Understand the relationship between d-electron configuration rate of ligand substitution (inert vs labile)
  3. Be able to predict the effect of oxidation state, ionic radius, sterics, LFAE, incoming ligand, etc on reactions that proceed by various mechanism types (A, I, D, Ia, Td)

Group Activity - TBD


Problem Set: 12.1, 12.2, 12.3, 12.4, 12.5, 12.8, 12.9 (solutions)

Reading: 

  • CHP 12 Coordination Chemistry; Chelate Effect - Stereochemistry: Sect 12.4.5
    • Note: We skipped 12.5 stereochemistry of Oh reactions
  • Siderophores (chelation and biological iron transport)

Learning Outcomes:

  • Be able to explain the chelate effect from a kinetic and thermodynamic perspective

Group Activity - 15CoordII_Chelate_2012.pdf

  • Supplements: Slideshow for Stereochemistry of Reactions
  • Be able to predict the possible products of substitution reactions for trans and cis Oh complexes

Exercise 12.2
Problem Set: 12.13, 12.21  (solutions)

Reading: Chp 12: SqPl Reaction Mechanisms - Sect 12.6-12.7

PreAssignment:

Learning Outcomes:

  • Be able to explain the pathways for substitution and associated rate laws for SqPl complexes
  • Be able to discuss the evidence for associative reactions in SqPl complexes (incoming ligand, leaving group, trans effect)

Group Activity - 16TransEffect_2012.pdf


Exercixe 12.2
Problem Set: 12.7, 12.11, 12.14, 12.15, 12.16a, 12.17, 12.8 (solutions)

Reading: Chp 21 (Shriver): Electron Transfer - Sect 21.10-21.12

PreAssignment: Read Chapter

Materials: Silent Movie (from lecture)

Learning Outcomes:

  • Outer sphere and inner sphere electron transfer
  • mechanisms and rate determing step
  • Marcus Theory

Group Activity - 17Redox_Coord_2012.pdf (we did this while going through slides)


Exercises (Shriver): "click me, I am a link to exercises and problems"
Problem Set (Tarr): 12.19

Wednesday 10:30am - 12:30pm

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